THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM
Independence - Freedom - Happiness
Hanoi, November 11, 2019
On prevention and combat of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction
Pursuant to the June 19, 2015 Law on Organization of the Government;
Pursuant to the April 9, 2016 Law on Treaties;
Pursuant to the United Nations Security Council’s Resolution No. 1540 dated April 28, 2004;
Pursuant to the February 2012 Forty Recommendations of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) for money laundering prevention and combat;
At the proposal of the Minister of National Defense;
The Government promulgates the Decree on prevention and combat of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
Article 1. Scope of regulation
This Decree provides for principles, policies, measures, forces and means for the prevention and combat of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction; and responsibilities of agencies, organizations and individuals in the prevention and combat of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
Article 2. Subjects of application
This Decree applies to Vietnamese citizens, agencies and organizations; vessels flying the Vietnamese flag and aircraft bearing Vietnamese nationality wherever they are; international organizations, foreign organizations and foreigners residing and working or operating in the Vietnamese territory. In case a treaty to which the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a contracting party otherwise provides for, such treaty prevails.
Article 3. Application of the Decree on prevention and combat of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, relevant laws and treaties
The prevention and combat of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction shall be carried out in accordance with this Decree and other relevant regulations and treaties on prevention and combat of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction to which the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a contracting party, and relevant resolutions adopted by the United Nations Security Council in accordance with Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter.
Article 4. Interpretation of terms
In this Decree, the terms below are construed as follows:
1. Weapons of mass destruction or weapons of large-scale destruction means weapons built or manufactured to be capable of causing mass casualties and a high order of destruction or bringing great damage to humans, technical devices, physical foundations or the eco-environment and causing terror or psychological suffering to humans, including nuclear, radiological, chemical, biological and other weapons that have the similar massively destructive property or capacity.
2. Nuclear weapons means weapons that derive their destructive power from energy released from uncontrolled nuclear fission and fusion reactions. When set off, they produce lethal effects including shockwave, photoradiation, penetrating radiation, radioactive fallout and electromagnetic pulse. Nuclear munitions, means of delivery and control devices constitute an integral part of nuclear weapons.
3. Radiological weapons means weapons that disperse radioactive agents to kill humans by ionizing radiation which cause radioactive contamination of the surrounding environment, technical devices and other objects. Radioactive substances may be obtained from products of nuclear reactors or artificially made. Radiological weapons include munitions containing radioactive substances, means of delivery or other spreading devices. Radiological weapons produce radiation effects through internal and external exposure, inflicting injuries to body organs and causing radiation-induced diseases.4. Chemical weapons means weapons that produce destructive effects through highly toxic and reactive properties of chemicals. Chemical weapons include toxic chemicals, munitions and means of delivery of those toxic chemicals to intended targets. Chemical weapons may produce enormous lethal effects in a large space and for a long time; are highly destructive and hard to detect, making it difficult and
 Công Báo Nos 907-908 (22/11/2019)
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