Circular 29/2023/TT-BYT presentation of nutrition facts labels

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Circular No. 29/2023/TT-BYT dated December 30, 2023 of the Ministry of Health providing instructions on the presentation of nutrition facts labels
Issuing body: Ministry of HealthEffective date:
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Official number:29/2023/TT-BYTSigner:Do Xuan Tuyen
Type:CircularExpiry date:Updating
Issuing date:30/12/2023Effect status:
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Fields:Food and drug , Medical - Health

SUMMARY

Instructions on the presentation of nutrition facts labels

On December 30, 2023, the Ministry of Health issues Circular No. 29/2023/TT-BYT providing instructions on the presentation of nutrition facts labels. Specific content as follows:

1. Principles for displaying nutrition facts labels:

- The display of nutrition facts labels must comply with the provisions the law on good labeling, and relevant law on food safety;

- Ensuring accuracy without causing false or misleading interpretations about the nutritional value of food products;

- Nutrition facts must be displayed on the food labels in a way that makes them easy to understand, noticeable, and cannot be erased.

2. For food produced, traded, imported, and circulated in Vietnam, the following nutritional ingredients must be displayed: energy; protein; carbohydrates; fat; sodium.

3. Presentation of nutrition facts is as follows:

- Information about energy value is calculated in kilocalories (kcal); information on protein, carbohydrate, fat, saturated fat, and total sugar content is calculated in grams (g); and information on sodium content is calculated in milligrams (mg);

- Organizations and individuals may additionally display a percentage (%) of the nutrient reference value for nutritional ingredients specified in Article 5 of this Circular;

- The nutritional value of the nutritional ingredients must be expressed in numbers, with complete nutrition facts as prescribed on the food label; and must be displayed in an easily recognizable position, with all the prescribed content and comply with the principles.

This Circular takes effect from February 15, 2024.
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THE MINISTRY OF HEALTH
____

No. 29/2023/TT-BYT

THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM
Independence - Freedom - Happiness

_______________________

Hanoi, December 30, 2023

CIRCULAR

Providing instructions on the presentation of nutrition facts labels

________________

 

Pursuant to the Law on Food Safety No. 55/2010/QH12 dated June 17, 2010;

Pursuant to the Government’s Decree No. 43/2017/ND-CP dated April 14, 2017, on goods labeling, and the Government’s Decree No. 111/2021/ND-CP dated December 9, 2021, amending and supplementing a number of articles of the Government’s Decree No. 43/2017/ND-CP of April 14, 2017, on goods labeling;

Pursuant to the Government’s Decree No. 95/2022/ND-CP dated November 15, 2022, defining the functions, tasks, powers and organizational structure of the Ministry of Health;

At the proposal of the Director of the Department of Legal Affairs;

The Minister of Health hereby promulgates the Circular providing instructions on the presentation of nutrition facts labels.

 

Chapter I

GENERAL PROVISIONS

 

Article 1. Scope of regulation

1. This Circular provides instructions on the content and presentation of nutritional ingredients and nutritional values (hereinafter referred to as nutrition facts), and the roadmap for implementation for prepackaged food produced, traded, imported and circulated in Vietnam.

2. This Circular does not regulate the following raw materials and food:

a) Raw materials and food not directly sold to consumers, including food ice;

b) Single-ingredient food;

c) Natural mineral water, bottled water (including those with only CO2 and /or flavoring);

d) Food salt, refined salt;

dd) Vinegar and vinegar substitutes including those with added flavorings only;

e) Flavorings, additives, food processing aids;

g) Yeast and food enzymes;

h) Tea and coffee not containing other additional ingredients except colors and flavorings (unfortified tea and coffee);

i) Dietary supplements;

k) Alcoholic beverages;

l) Food specified in Clause 2 Article 1 of the Government’s Decree No. 43/2017/ND-CP dated April 14, 2017, on goods labeling (hereinafter referred to as Decree No. 43/2017/ND-CP), amended and supplemented under the Government's Decree No. 111/2021/ND-CP dated December 09, 2021, and food specified in Clauses 1 and 2 Article 25 if the Government's Decree No. 15/2018/ND-CP dated February 02, 2018, detailing a number of articles of the Law on Food Safety (hereinafter referred to as Decree No. 15/2018/ND-CP);

m) Food produced by small food traders specified in Clause 10 Article 3 of Decree No. 15/2018/ND-CP;

3. In case where individuals and organizations specified in Clause 2 of this Article voluntarily display nutritional ingredients and nutritional values on food labels (nutrition facts labels), they shall comply with the provisions of this Circular.

Article 2. Subjects of application

This Circular applies to organizations and individuals in charge of food labeling (hereinafter referred to as organizations and individuals); state management agencies in charge of food safety, and agencies, organizations and individuals involved in the display of nutrition facts labels.

Article 3. Interpretation of terms

In this Circular, the terms below are construed as follows:

1. Energy means the chemical energy that the human body obtains from food to maintain life, activity and growth, calculated by the energy conversion coefficient with the ingredients that create energy in food.

2. Protein means an organic compound containing nitrogen made up of amino acids, calculated by convention by applying conversion factors to the values of organic nitrogen in food.

3. Carbohydrates are compounds of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen arranged as simple sugars (monosaccarids) or multiples of simple sugars and do not include fiber.

4. Total sugars include the total amount of monosaccarids and disaccarids in food (including natural sugars and sugars added to food).

5. Total fat is an organic compound that does not contain nitrogen; its main components are triglycerides, fatty acids, cholesterol and phospholipids.

6. Saturated fat is a type of fat in which the fatty acid chains contain no double bond in the chemical structure.

7. Sodium is an alkali metal mineral, of which the chemical symbol is Na, found in salts, spices and some other natural foods and food additives.

8. Nutrient reference value means a numerical value, recommended for Vietnamese people based on scientific data on the daily nutritions needed to maintain optimal nutritional status and reduce the risk of have diet-related non-communicable diseases.

Article 4. Principles for displaying nutrition facts labels

1. The display of nutrition facts labels must comply with the provisions of this Circular, the law on good labeling, and relevant law on food safety.

2. Ensuring accuracy without causing false or misleading interpretations about the nutritional value of food products.

3. Nutrition facts must be displayed on the food labels in a way that makes them easy to understand, noticeable, and cannot be erased.

 

Chapter II

PRESENTATION OF NUTRITION FACTS LABELS

 

Article 5. Content of nutritional ingredients

1. For food produced, traded, imported, and circulated in Vietnam, the following nutritional ingredients must be displayed:

a) Energy;

b) Protein;

c) Carbohydrates;

d) Fat;

dd) Sodium.

2. Beverages, processed milk with added sugar specified in Decree No. 15/2018/ND-CP and food with other added sugar: display 05 nutritional ingredients specified in Clause 1 of this Article and total sugars.

3. Fried food: display 05 nutritional ingredients specified in Clause 1 of this Article and saturated fat.

4. For food not containing or containing nutritional ingredients specified in Clauses 1, 2 and 3 of this Article but the nutritional value of such ingredients is less than the value specified in Appendix I to this Circular, that nutritional ingredients are not required to be displayed on food labels.

Article 6. Presentation of nutrition facts

1. Information about energy value is calculated in kilocalories (kcal); information on protein, carbohydrate, fat, saturated fat, and total sugar content is calculated in grams (g); and information on sodium content is calculated in milligrams (mg). Nutritional ingredient information is expressed in 100g or 100ml of food or in a serving that has been determined in content on the label or per packaged portion when the number of portions in that package is announced.

2. Organizations and individuals may additionally display a percentage (%) of the nutrient reference value for nutritional ingredients specified in Article 5 of this Circular. Any organization or individual voluntarily indicating an additional percentage (%) of the nutrient reference value shall comply with the instructions in Appendix II to this Circular.

3. The nutritional value of the nutritional ingredients specified in Article 5 of this Circular must be expressed in numbers, with complete nutrition facts as prescribed on the food label; and must be displayed in an easily recognizable position, with all the prescribed content and comply with the principles specified in Article 4 of this Circular.

4. The tolerance range values of nutritional ingredients specified in Articles 5 and 6 of this Circular shall comply with the provisions of Clause 1, Article 17 of Decree No. 43/2017/ND-CP.

 

Chapter III

IMPLEMENTATION PROVISIONS

 

Article 7. Effect

This Circular takes effect from February 15, 2024.

Article 8. Roadmap for implementation

1. By December 31, 2025, organizations and individuals producing, trading, and importing food for circulation in Vietnam within the scope of regulation of the Circular must display nutrition facts as prescribed in this Circular.

2. From January 01, 2026, organizations and individuals are not allowed to produce, print, import and use labels that fail to follow the provisions of this Circular.

Article 9. Transitional provisions

Food whose labels do not contain nutritional ingredients or nutritional values according to the regulations of this Circular that have been produced, traded, imported, and circulated in Vietnam before January 1, 2026, may continue to be circulated until the expiration date stated on the food label.

Article 10. Reference provisions

In case any legal documents referred to in this Circular are amended, supplemented or replaced, the new ones shall prevail.

Article 11. Implementation organization

1. Unit affiliated to the Ministry of Health shall have the following responsibilities:

a) The Department of Legal Affairs shall assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with the Vietnam Food Administration, the General Department of Preventive Medicine, the Department of Maternal Health and Children and concerned units in, organizing the dissemination and guidance on the implementation of this Circular.

b) The Vietnam Food Administration, the General Department of Preventive Medicine, and the Department of Maternal Health and Children shall, based on their assigned functions and tasks, coordinate with relevant agencies and units of specialized management ministries in charge of food industry as assigned in Decree No. 15/2018/ND-CP, to organize the implementation of this Circular.

c) The Institute of Nutrition shall study, review and propose the amendment and updating of the nutrient reference value specified in Appendix II to this Circular.

2. People's Committees of provinces and centrally-run cities shall direct the implementation of this Circular in their respective localities.

Article 12. Implementation responsibility

Heads of units affiliated to the Ministry of Health, and concerned agencies, organizations, and individuals shall implement this Circular.

Any difficulties arising in the course of implementation should be promptly reported to the Ministry of Health (the Department for Legal Affairs) for consideration and settlement./.

 

 

FOR THE MINISTER
THE DEPUTY MINISTER



Do Xuan Tuyen

 

Appendix I

Non-mandatory declaration of nutritional ingredients on food labels

(Attached to Circular No. 29/2023/TT-BYT dated December 30, 2023, of the Minister of Health)

 

1. Energy value ≤ 4 kcal per 100 ml (liquid).

2. Protein ≤ 40.5 g per 100 g (solid) or per 100 ml (liquid).

3. Carbohydrate ≤ 0.5 g per 100 g (solid) or per 100 ml (liquid).

4. Fat ≤ 0.5 g per 100 g (solid) or per 100 ml (liquid).

5. Saturated fat ≤ 0.1 g per 100 g (solid) or ≤ 0.1 g per 100 ml (liquid).

6. Total sugars ≤ 0.5 g per 100 g (solid) or ≤ 0.5 g per 100 ml (liquid).

7. Sodium value ≤ 0.005 g per 100 g. 

________________________

1 This Appendix is only to determine the non-mandatory declaration of nutritional ingredients on food labels and is not used for other purposes.

 

Appendix II

Nutrient reference value

(Attached to Circular No. 29/2023/TT-BYT dated December 30, 2023, of the Minister of Health)

 

No.

Nutrient

Unit

Nutrient reference value

Grounds for recommendation

1

Energy

Kcal

2000

Based on research on the nutritional needs of Vietnamese people and dietary data from the National Nutrition Census

2

Protein

g

50

According to recommendations of the Codex Alimentarius Commission (Codex)

3

Carbohydrates

g

325

Based on research on recommended nutritional needs for Vietnamese people

4

Total sugars

g

-

Not yet recommended

5

Fat, in which: Saturated fat

g

g

56

20

Fat: Based on research and calculations from the nutritional needs of Vietnamese people, fat diets should only provide a maximum of 25% of total dietary energy;

Saturated fat: According to recommendations of Codex

6

Sodium

mg

2000

According to recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO) and recommendations of Codex

 

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