Law on Drug Prevention and Control, No. 73/2021/QH14
Drug addiction treatment establishments must have a zone for persons aged between full 12 years and under 18 years
This noticeable content is prescribed in the Law on Drug Prevention and Control No. 73/2021/QH14, which was passed on March 30, 2021, by the National Assembly.
Accordingly, a public drug addiction treatment establishment must have 6 separate zones, including a zone for temporary stay for persons requested for determination of their state of drug addiction and persons awaiting the preparation of dossiers of request for application of the administrative remedy of consignment into compulsory drug addiction treatment establishments; a zone for compulsory drug addiction treatment; a zone for voluntary drug addiction treatment; a zone for drug addiction treatment for persons aged between full 12 years and under 18 years; a zone for drug addiction treatment for persons suffering group-A or group-B infectious diseases in accordance with the Law on Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases; a zone for drug addiction treatment for persons who commit acts of disturbing order or violating internal rules or regulations of the drug addiction treatment establishment.
On the other hands, the Law also stipulates a drug addict aged between full 12 years and under 18 years shall be consigned into a compulsory drug addiction treatment establishment in one of the following cases: He/she fails to register for or undergo, or terminates at his/her own will the process of, voluntary drug addiction treatment; He/she is detected to have illegally used drugs in the period of voluntary drug addiction treatment; As an opioid addict, he/she fails to register for or undergo, or terminates at his/her own will the process of, treatment of opioid addiction with alternatives, or has treatment of opioid addiction with alternatives terminated for his/her violation of regulations on addiction treatment.
Besides, the Law also details cases subject to drug tests, which are not specified in previous regulations. To be specific: Drug tests may be carried out for: Persons who are detected to have illegally used drugs; Persons for whom competent agencies or persons have grounds to believe that they have illegally used drugs; Persons who illegally use drugs during the period of management, etc.
This Law takes effect on January 01, 2022.
For further details of the Law 73/2021/QH14, Click here
translation of the Official Gazette of the Vietnam News Agency
THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM
Hanoi, March 30, 2021
ON DRUG PREVENTION AND CONTROL
Pursuant to the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam;
The National Assembly promulgates the Law on Drug Prevention and Control.
Article 1. Scope of regulation
This Law provides drug prevention and control; management of illegal drug users; drug addiction treatment; responsibilities of individuals, families, agencies and organizations in drug prevention and control; and state management of, and international cooperation on, drug prevention and control.
Article 2. Interpretation of terms
In this Law, the terms below are construed as follows:
1. Narcotic substance means an addictive substance or a psychotropic substance on a list of narcotic substances promulgated by the Government.
2. Addictive substance means a stimulant or depressant that may easily cause addiction to users.
3. Psychotropic substance means a stimulant or depressant or hallucinogen that may cause addiction to users if being used for many times.
4. Precursor means a chemical indispensable in the process of preparation and production of narcotics and on the list of precursors promulgated by the Government.
5. Veterinary drug containing a narcotic substance or precursor means a veterinary drug containing a substance defined in Clause 2, 3 or 4 of this Article.
6. Narcotic plants include opium poppy, coca, marijuana or other plants bearing narcotic substances as specified by the Government.
7. Drug prevention and control means preventing, checking and fighting drug-related crimes and evils and controlling drug-related lawful activities.
8. Drug-related evil means illegal drug use, drug addiction or another act violating the drug-related law which is not serious enough for or not subject to penal liability examination.
9. Control of drug-related lawful activities means permitting, monitoring, inspecting and supervising drug-related lawful activities and preventing and checking the abuse of such activities for other purposes.
10. Illegal drug user means a person who uses narcotic substances without permission of a competent person or specialized agency and has positive drug test results.
11. Drug test means performance of specialized techniques to determine the presence or absence of narcotic substances in a human body based on urine samples, blood samples or other biological specimens.
12. Drug addict means a person who uses narcotic substances, addictive drugs or psychotropic drugs and depends on such substances or drugs.
13. Drug addiction treatment means performance of activities of providing medical, psychological and social assistance to help drug addicts stop using narcotic substances, addictive drugs or psychotropic drugs, rehabilitate their physical and mental wellness, raise their awareness about drug use, and change their behaviors in order to stop illegally using such substances or drugs.