THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM
Independence - Freedom - Happiness
Hanoi, January 10, 2023
On development of a flexible, modern, efficient and sustainable labor market toward international integration for fast socio-economic recovery
Pursuant to the June 19, 2015 Law on Organization of the Government; and the November 22, 2019 Law Amending and Supplementing a Number of Articles of the Law on Organization of the Government and the Law on Organization of Local Administration;
Pursuant to the Government’s Decree No. 39/2022/ND-CP of June 18, 2022, promulgating the Working Regulation of the Government;
At the proposal of the Minister of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs and based on unanimous opinions of the cabinet members,
After 35- plus years of national renewal, Vietnam’s labor market has developed in both scale and quality, little by little been modernized, become sustainable and ready for international integration. The system of institutions and policies on the labor market has been improved; the labor supply-demand relationship has increased; the quality of employment has been increasingly raised; informal employment has step by step been formalized; the labor structure has made a positive shift toward reducing the proportion of labor in the agricultural sector and increasing the proportion of labor in the industry and service sectors; the proportion of vulnerable employment has rapidly decreased while that of protected employment has increased; Vietnamese workers have been gradually able to perform complex jobs that used to require foreign experts; salaries and incomes of workers have been improved markedly; the productivity and competitiveness of the workforce have been raised, making important contributions to Vietnam’s socio-economic achievements in recent time.
Yet, the development level of our country’s labor market is not enough to release all resources for investment in socio-economic development; not many sustainable jobs have been created while a partial imbalance of labor supply and demand still exists among regions, sectors and trades, and the quality of human resources remains low. Particularly, the complicated developments of the COVID-19 pandemic over the recent years have caused adverse effects on the labor market: Millions of employees had their working hours and incomes reduced, or had their jobs suspended or lost or became unemployed; nearly 2 million employees left the labor market (mostly self-employed persons who have no professional and technical qualifications); many migrant workers had to return to their hometowns, adversely affecting the labor supply-demand relationship; there remains partial scarcity of workers in some sectors, fields and geographical areas; no long-term fundamental solutions are available to address the imbalance of labor supply and demand and scarcity of highly qualified workers, while exist potential risks of supply chain disruption and partial labor shortage for the period of socio-economic recovery and development; workers still lack skills to stay employed or shift to other jobs, thereby adapting themselves to the post-pandemic situation; there is no electronic database for labor management and forecasting of demands for future working skills; education and training have not fully met requirements of the human resource development, especially training of high-quality human resources, new occupations and new skills for socio-economic development as well as the process of economic restructuring, international integration, linking of vocational education institutions with enterprises, and attraction of foreign investment in Vietnam, etc.
Along with the goods-services, financial, monetary, science-technology and real estate markets, the labor market is identified as one of the strategic markets of the economy and needs to be renewed and strongly developed in the current period. In order to build and develop a flexible, modern, efficient and sustainable labor market toward international integration for fast socio-economic recovery, the Government requests ministries, ministerial-level agencies, government-attached agencies and provincial-level People’s Committees to continue to synchronously, consistently, promptly and effectively implement the following key viewpoints, objectives, tasks and solutions:
1. To deeply comprehend viewpoints, objectives, tasks and solutions on development of a flexible, modern, efficient and sustainable labor market toward international integration stated in documents and resolutions of the Party and resolutions of the National Assembly; to develop a comprehensive and sustainable labor market toward modernity and efficiency as suitable to characteristics of each region or locality and serving as the basis and driving force for the national socio-economic development; to implement breakthrough solutions on human resource development, make greater investment in human resources, attaching importance to developing high-quality human resources, attracting and providing preferential treatment for talented people, efficiently taking advantage of the golden population structure, proactively adapting to the population aging trend, and getting ready for the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
2. The State shall play the role of facilitating, managing and regulating the development of a modern, flexible and efficient labor market; and create conditions for movement of labor from areas with low productivity to areas with higher productivity, thus reducing risks and labor movement costs.
3. To formulate employment policies associated with the process of growth model renewal; to develop sustainable jobs and green jobs in association with formulation of socio-economic master plans and allocation of investment resources; to diversify forms of credit extension for job development; to pay attention to helping disadvantaged people participate in the labor market.
4. To develop national human resources meeting requirements of national industrialization; to step up the renewal of training forms, and attract domestic and foreign investment in training; to adopt policies for gradually universalizing vocational skills among young people; to prioritize the inclusion of budgets for vocational education in education and training budgets and in programs and projects of sectors and localities; to intensify the mobilization of social resources for vocational education in appropriate geographical areas, sectors and trades.
5. The State shall establish a mechanism to ensure comprehensive and inclusive social security so that employees can feel secure in their work, get higher income and ensure their livelihood. To promote the application of information technology and digital transformation in human resource management and the operation of the labor market’s factors so as to make a breakthrough in state management work and operation of the labor market.
1. General objectives
The labor market will develop toward flexibility, modernity, efficiency, sustainability, and international integration, thereby contributing to socio-economic recovery and development in the 2021-2025 period. In particular, the labor market’s factors will be developed in a synchronous and modern manner; and the quality of human resources and the efficiency of organization and operation of the labor market have been improved. The labor market will play an active role in mobilizing, allocating and efficiently using resources to boost the socio-economic development, restructure labor toward modernity, and ensure the connection of the domestic labor market with labor markets of other countries in the region and the world.
2. Specific objectives
a/ The ratio of agricultural labor to the total social workforce will be around 25%.
b/ The average growth rate of social labor productivity will surpass 6.5%/year.
c/ The rate of trained labor with degrees and certificates will reach 30%; to provide retraining and continued training for about 25% of the workforce.
d/ Vietnam will be among top 60 countries ranked by the Knowledge Worker index in the Global Innovation Index (GII).
dd/ The general unemployment rate will be maintained at below 3% and the urban unemployment rate, below 4%; the youth unemployment rate in urban areas will be kept at below 7% and the youth underemployment rate in rural areas, below 6%.
e/ The rate of workers in the age group eligible for social insurance participation will reach 45%, of whom farmers and informal sector workers covered by voluntary social insurance will account for about 2.5% of the workforce of the law-prescribed age; 35% of the workforce of the law-prescribed age will be covered by unemployment insurance; the rate of satisfaction of social insurance participants with social insurance regime will reach 85%.
III. TASKS AND SOLUTIONS
1. Completing the legal framework, and reviewing and revising regulations to facilitate the development of the labor market, focusing on key areas, specifically as follows:
a/ To increase publicity and transparency of labor market participants; to continue translating and specifying labor standards in conformity with Vietnam’s conditions and international standards (those under the conventions of the International Labor Organization (ILO) and new-generation free trade agreements) that Vietnam has committed to and ratified; to intensify international cooperation and increase labor market linkages at home and abroad.
b/ To study and propose the promulgation or revision of policies to mitigate unemployment and raise the quality of labor, including: (i) supplementing and completing policies to prevent unemployment; (ii) adopting policies to support vocational training through apprenticeship cards for employees; and (iii) setting professional standards and conditions for effective performance of vocational training activities at enterprises.
c/ To formulate master plans on, and invest in, the development of the system of modern employment service centers in localities to facilitate the development of a flexible and efficient labor market, acting as a focal point for providing labor market information, and coordinating, supporting and managing the labor market in localities; to reorganize the network of vocational education institutions; to formulate and propose regional linkage models for training and supply of human resources; to build regional centers and national centers for high-quality vocational training and apprenticeship in key economic regions in order to improve the efficiency of training and supply of human resources; to promote digital transformation in training and supply of human resources, governance and operation of the labor market, and tackle difficulties so as to provide employees with access to information about the labor market and participation in vocational training and job placement activities and provide employers with access to labor supply information.
d/ To diversify forms of training, focusing on retraining and continued training for the workforce in order to create changes in building a learning society; to promptly solve difficulties and create favorable conditions for vocational education institutions to teach continuing education programs at upper secondary schools in the direction of promoting student streaming and ensuring that students are entitled to both vocational training and academic education right at vocational education institutions.
dd/ To focus on vocational training and job creation to develop the rural labor market serving the economic restructuring in accordance with the Party Central Committee’s Resolution No. 19-NQ/TW of June 16, 2022, on agriculture, farmers and rural areas through 2030, with a vision toward 2045.
2. Recovering and stabilizing the labor market
a/ To stick to reality, carry out human resource management in a proactive and flexible manner, closely coordinate policies on development of the labor market and other markets in order to maintain macroeconomic stability and ensure major balances of the economy, including labor supply-demand.
b/ To expeditiously review and evaluate the demand for, human resources by sector, field and region in order to ensure prompt labor connection and supply; particularly, to evaluate the demand for human resources of foreign investors that have investment projects or consider investing in Vietnam.
c/ To review, evaluate, arrange the organization of, and build the capacity of, the system of vocational training and education institutions, particularly those engaged in training of high-quality human resources, and vocational skills assessment organizations; to develop high-quality training institutions; to upgrade 3 schools and add functions of high-quality centers in order to form 3 national centers for high-quality training and apprenticeship in Hanoi, Da Nang and Ho Chi Minh City and regional training and apprenticeship centers that play a nuclear and leading role in organizing the training of high-quality human resources for new occupations and future skills, and organize training activities and replicate training programs transferred from developed countries.
d/ To implement measures for tackling partial labor shortage and labor supply and demand imbalance; to develop modern forms of job placement on digital platforms; to attract local workers, and provide training and retraining for the existing workforce to help them adapt to abnormal fluctuations.
3. Promoting creation of sustainable jobs and efficient use of the workforce
a/ Increasing investment in and development of economic sectors that create sustainable jobs
- To renovate the economic growth model associated with sustainable development toward improving quality and creating new jobs of high productivity and quality.
- To invest more resources in programs and schemes that create sustainable jobs, particularly high-productivity jobs; to study and propose policies to support the recruitment and employment of employees of special groups, disadvantaged employees, employees from poor households, near-poor households or households just escaping from poverty, and employees living in poor districts, extremely difficult communes in riverbank and coastal areas and on islands for them to participate in the labor market and have sustainable jobs; to promptly address difficulties and remove obstacles for raising the efficiency of vocational training and creating jobs for young people who have completed military service or service in the Public Security forces, and youth volunteers who have completed their tasks.
- To increase credit sources for promoting creation of new, innovative, high-quality and sustainable jobs; green jobs; jobs for disadvantaged people, and people in deep-lying, remote and ethnic minority areas; to prioritize allocating capital to the Vietnam Bank for Social Policies to ensure effective implementation of credit programs on creation of jobs and vocational training for employees, thus contributing to the development of a sustainable labor market.
- To draw Vietnam’s industrial map for use as a basis for formulating plans on supply, allocation and use of labor nationwide, effectively utilizing labor resources for socio-economic development.
- To adopt policies to encourage production and business establishments and households to register their establishment and operation as enterprises in order to attract and employ formal workers, and gradually transfer their informal workers to formal workers.
b/ Focusing on implementing solutions to carry out student streaming and improve the quality of human resources to meet requirements of the labor market
- To expeditiously prepare conditions to ensure the effective streaming of students and permeability in the national education system in order to promote the building of a learning society and lifelong learning in the community.
- To make synchronous investment in physical foundations, equipment and quality assurance conditions for high-quality vocational education institutions up to the level of ASEAN-4 and G20 countries; to apply on a pilot basis a number of new training models, particularly those for training occupations and professions to meet requirements of the Fourth Industrial Revolution; to address difficulties and remove obstacles for completing the pilot training; to promote the replication of effective training programs transferred from developed countries; to effectively implement the model of enterprise-based training; to continue investing in occupational skills training for workers so as to improve the quality of human resources.
- To develop training standards for uniform use in training of, and in evaluation and recognition of occupational skills for, workers; to provide specific regulations on occupations and working positions requiring trained labor; to formulate policies on recruitment and salary payment based on skills and practicing capacity of workers; to adopt policies to praise skilled workers to attract and train talents and high-quality human resources, thus creating a driving force for fast and sustainable socio-economic development.
- To review and reorganize the network of vocational education institutions to be more open, flexible, modern, accessible, diversified in organizational forms, with reasonable occupation-based structure, qualification-based structure, region-based structure and effective regional linkage; to formulate and propose regional linkage models in training and supply of human resources; to build regional centers and national centers for high-quality vocational training and apprenticeship in key economic regions; to reorganize vocational education institutions of ministries and sectors so as to ensure efficiency and higher quality of education in conformity with the master plan on the network of vocational education institutions; to select key occupations and schools entitled to select key occupations as suitable to each period; to promote digital transformation in the system of education and training and vocational education in order to carry out training activities in the digital environment, and intensify the application of information technology in the management and diversification of teaching organization methods.
c/ Organizing training and promptly supplying human resources for enterprises, particularly foreign-invested enterprises, and redressing partial shortage of labor
- To study, review, and evaluate the capacity of, the system of training institutions and vocational skill evaluation organizations; to strengthen connection and intensify information exchange between enterprises, especially between foreign-invested enterprises and training institutions, in order to promptly apply training solutions, improve the quality, scale, occupation-based structure, and qualifications of the workforce, meeting the needs of enterprises and ensuring the supply and demand balance of the labor market in general.
- To focus on tackling difficulties and problems in connecting vocational education with enterprises; to apply on a pilot basis the model of training at enterprises and in industrial parks to ensure suitability with the characteristics, nature and production and business conditions of enterprises, particularly foreign-invested enterprises, and the model of occupational skills councils at all levels.
- To focus on providing vocational training for employees before, during and after their participation in the labor market, in terms of quantity, quality, occupation-based structure, and qualifications of employees of enterprises, especially in science-technique-technology professions, and training in new majors in digital transformation such as artificial intelligence, data science, big data, Internet of Things, blockchain, etc. To organize the application of appropriate solutions to stream students toward developing high-quality human resources with structures meeting the needs of the economy.
- To study and formulate training programs on employee behavior, discipline and psychology in order to improve the quality of human resources to meet the needs of enterprises, particularly foreign-invested enterprises.
- To set up an information network of overseas workers who wish to return home in order to attract them to work for foreign-invested enterprises in Vietnam.
d/ Investing in the development of the system for labor supply-demand connection and labor supply-demand forecasting and the labor market information system with the central task of building a modern and complete national labor database connected and shared with the national population, business registration and social insurance databases
- To establish a multi-tier and multi-sectoral labor market information and forecasting system by sector/trade and qualification serving employees, enterprises, education and training institutions and vocational education institutions for use as a basis for the formulation of labor-employment and education and training policies, etc.
- To organize the development of products to forecast the labor demand and training demand in terms of quantity, occupational structure and qualifications of employees of enterprises and cooperatives, particularly the labor demand of science-technique-technology professions, new professions, and future skills, etc.
- To build a database on employees, and a modern and transparent labor market governance system connected with the National Database on Population and other databases to manage the status and employment of employees from the time they start participating in the labor market for use as a basis for formulating, and organizing the implementation of, labor, employment and social security policies.
dd/ Supporting the development of security and insurance networks for employees
- To diversify forms, methods, and contribution and benefit levels of social security service packages for employees; to simplify administrative procedures and develop a mechanism for providing administrative and legal support to employees participating in voluntary welfare programs.
- To provide information and legal consultancy services to employees upon their participation in the labor market.
- To promote the key role of the Vietnam Trade Union in attracting employees and employees’ organizations to join in the Vietnam Trade Union, increase its members, raise the effectiveness of dialogues and negotiations to protect interests of employees.
- To organize the implementation of solutions to involve employees in and increase their access to social insurance, health insurance and unemployment insurance services, etc.; to renew unemployment insurance policies toward strengthening training and retraining activities for workers to efficiently participate in the labor market; to simplify administrative procedures and formulate mechanisms to provide administrative and legal support to employees participating in voluntary welfare programs.
- To improve living standards and working conditions of employees; to ensure occupational safety and health and protect and care for employees’ health; in the immediate future, to focus on development of social houses, houses of other types and social infrastructure facilities for employees, and adopt credit support policies to solve the problem of accommodations for employees.
- To accelerate the development and integration of information systems to carry out identification as a basis for providing social support for employees through the determination of citizen identification numbers (citizen identity cards).
- To intensify the inspection, examination and sanctioning of violations of the labor law, particularly those concerning the signing of labor contracts, payment of social insurance premiums and implementation of other social security regimes for employees.
4. Regarding communications work
- To improve the awareness, particularly that of related ministers and heads of sectors, localities and units, about the role and importance of the labor market development; to proactively take effective solutions to ensure and develop a sustainable labor market.
- To intensify the provision of information and public communication in a methodical, prompt and continuous manner in order to improve the awareness of employees, employers and labor market participants; to ensure the stability and development of the labor market.
5. Funds for implementation of the Resolution
a/ To mobilize diversified funding sources and efficiently use resources for the implementation of the Resolution, including:
- State budget funds in accordance with the law on the state budget and regulations on state budget management decentralization.
- Funds included in national target programs and other relevant programs, projects and schemes.
- Lawful contributions and supports of enterprises, organizations and individuals at home and abroad.
- Other financial sources as specified by law.
b/ Ministries, sectors and localities shall base themselves on their assigned functions and tasks to take the initiative in allocating funds for developing a flexible, modern, efficient and sustainable labor market toward international integration for fast socio-economic recovery.
IV. ORGANIZATION OF IMPLEMENTATION
1. Ministers, heads of ministerial-level agencies and government-attached agencies, and chairpersons of provincial-level People’s Committees shall:
a/ Focus on directing the review and accelerating the performance of tasks directly related to the provision of support for labor market development, job creation and human resource development as directed by the Government and Prime Minister; regularly evaluate the situation and results of implementation thereof, and proactively solve arising problems according to their competence; report and advise the Government and Prime Minister for the latter to consider and settle issues falling beyond the former’s competence; and propose new effective and feasible mechanisms, policies and solutions to develop the labor market and improve the quality of human resources.
b/ Formulate and effectively implement programs and plans for the implementation of the National Assembly’s Resolution No. 43/2022/QH15 on fiscal and monetary policies to support the Program on socio-economic recovery and development; the Government’s Resolution No. 11/NQ-CP of January 30, 2022, on the Program on socio-economic recovery and development and implementation of Resolution No. 43/2022/QH15; the Prime Minister’s Decision No. 176/QD-TTg of February 5, 2021, promulgating the Program on support for labor market development through 2030; the Prime Minister’s Decision No. 2239/QD-TTg of December 30, 2021, approving the Strategy on vocational education development for the 2021-2030 period, with a vision toward 2045; and the Prime Minister’s Decision No. 1446/QD-TTg of August 30, 2021, approving the Program on training and retraining to improve skills of human resources to meet requirements of the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
c/ Fundamentally and comprehensively renovate education and training, particularly vocational training activities; improve the training efficiency and facilitate all people’s access to education and training; closely link training with the labor market, sustainable jobs and social security in conformity with the country’s socio-economic development and international integration. Ministries and sectors shall review and arrange vocational education institutions suitable to their functions and tasks, ensuring full satisfaction of the law-specified conditions for establishment and ensuring their level of financial autonomy for coverage of at least recurrent expenditures; and coordinate with the Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs in reorganizing vocational education institutions in conformity with the master plan on the network of vocational education institutions.
d/ Allocate funds and arrange human resources and physical foundations for the performance of assigned tasks; encourage localities to allocate and mobilize lawful resources to give tuition fee exemption for the 2022-2023 school year for students to meet the human resource demand of sectors and trades suffering impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and for socio-economic recovery in line with the Government’s Resolution No. 11/NQ-CP of January 30, 2022, on the Program on socio-economic development and recovery.
dd/ Adopt policies to support lower secondary school graduates to follow vocational education courses at different levels (such as whole or partial exemption of tuition fee or expenses for following the general education program) as suitable to local conditions and in accordance with law in order to properly implement the Scheme on career orientation education and orientations for student streaming in education general education for the 2018-2025 period approved by the Prime Minister under Decision No. 522/QD-TTg of May 14, 2018.
e/ Step up the reform of administrative procedures and reduction and simplification of business conditions in order to create a more favorable business investment environment and remove difficulties for enterprises.
2. Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs shall:
a/ Continue studying, reviewing, evaluating the practical implementation and give advices on improvement of policies and laws on labor, employment, salary, social insurance, occupational safety and health, and vocational education; focus on formulating the draft Law on Social Insurance (revised) and the proposal on formulation of the Employment Law (revised), meeting progress and quality requirements.
b/ Build information networks and databases on the labor market and future skills demands; invest in studying, regularly analyzing and announcing labor market forecasts by sector, trade and region in the short, medium and long terms, for use as a basis for formulating, and organizing the timely and effective implementation of, policies on labor-employment and social security, and provide labor market information to employees, employers, and training and research institutions.
c/ Urgently advise on the formulation of the Secretariat’s Directive on strengthening the Party’s leadership over training of human resources, particularly high-quality human resources; train and retrain human resources for improving their skills to meet the requirements of the Fourth Industrial Revolution; proactively formulate training programs so as to improve occupational skills for workers to meet the requirements of enterprises, thus contributing to the post-COVID-19 pandemic economic recovery and development; study and propose the issuance of policies to implement solutions to improve labor quality as specified in this Resolution.
d/ Intensify the implementation of solutions to develop human resources, particularly high-quality human resources, to meet the development requirements of sectors and fields; reorganize affiliated public vocational education institutions to be streamlined and efficiently operate; establish key and leading vocational education institutions of spillover effects and set up a focal point for managing a number of high-quality schools, and schools acting as regional or national-level high-quality vocational training and apprenticeship centers; effectively implement on a pilot basis the model of enterprise-based training; and attach importance to retraining and continued training to improve occupational skills and maintain jobs for employees.
dd/ Assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with ministries, sectors and localities in, formulating a public investment program on synchronous investment in physical foundations, equipment and quality assurance conditions of high-quality vocational education institutions to attain the levels of ASEAN-4 and G20 countries.
e/ Assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with ministries, sectors and localities in, selecting key sectors and trades and schools suitable to each period; and build a network of vocational education institutions for ethnic minority people and people with disabilities.
g/ Complete the review and evaluation of the implementation of the XIth Party Central Committee’s Resolution No. 15-NQ/TW of June 1, 2012, on a number of issues concerning social security policies, for use as a basis for formulating and implementing social security policies for employees.
h/ Step up digital transformation for strengthening labor supply-demand connection on digital platforms.
i/ Intensify inspection and examination of the implementation of policies and laws on labor, employment, salary, social insurance, occupational safety and health, and vocational education, guaranteeing the legitimate rights and interests of employees.
3. The Ministry of Education and Training shall:
a/ Assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with the Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs in, organizing student streaming in general education under the Prime Minister’s Decision No. 522/QD-TTg of May 14, 2018, approving the Scheme on career orientation education and orientations for student streaming in general education in the 2018-2025 period; direct the education sector’s authorities at all levels in guiding vocational education institutions to organize the teaching of continuing education programs at upper secondary level toward promoting student streaming and ensuring that students are entitled to both vocational training and academic education right at vocational education institutions.
b/ Formulate and improve policies on training of high-quality human resources in key economic sectors and fields to attain regional and international levels.
c/ Formulate and improve policies and solutions to improve skills of graduates, particularly skills in innovation and digital transformation, to meet the labor market’s requirements of employment of human resources.
4. The Ministry of Planning and Investment shall:
a/ Assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with related ministries, sectors and agencies in, within the ambit of their assigned functions and tasks, studying, and ensuring the maximum use of, favorable factors of the labor market in the process of formulation of master plans in accordance with the Planning Law.
b/ Assume the prime responsibility for summarizing and submitting to competent authorities the allocation of investment capital for the implementation of programs and projects in the fields of labor, employment, and human resource development in accordance with the Law on Public Investment.
c/ Assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with the Ministry of Education and Training, Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs and Ministry of Science and Technology in, promoting human resource development activities to serve innovation and the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
d/ Organize the making of socio-economic analyses and forecasts for use as a basis for forecasting human resource demands and preparing human resources to meet socio-economic development requirements.
5. The Ministry of Construction shall assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with related ministries, sectors and agencies in, urgently and effectively implementing the support policy on social houses and houses for workers under the Government’s Resolution No. 11/NQ-CP of January 30, 2022, on the Program on socio-economic development and recovery and implementation of the National Assembly’s Resolution No. 43/2022/QH15 on the fiscal and monetary policies in support of the Program.
6. The Ministry of Finance shall assume the prime responsibility for summarizing and submitting to competent authorities the allocation of funds for recurrent expenditures to ministries and central agencies for the implementation of programs and projects in the fields of labor, employment and human resource development in accordance with the regulations on state budget management decentralization.
7. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development shall:
a/ Direct and guide agricultural vocational training for rural laborers toward increasing the application of science and technology, green agriculture and clean agriculture.
b/ Coordinate with the Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs in formulating, and organizing the implementation of, policies and programs to support vocational training for rural laborers.
c/ Coordinate with the Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs and Ministry of Education and Training in developing models of agricultural vocational training combined with upper secondary academic education right at vocational education institutions for lower secondary school graduates, thus promoting student streaming and improving the quality of human resources in the agricultural sector.
8. The Ministry of Information and Communications shall direct press agencies and grassroots information systems to proactively and promptly provide information on labor, employment, and education and training, attract the interest and create consensus of and mobilize the whole society to actively participate in education, training, improvement of the quality of human resources and support for labor market development.
9. The Vietnam Bank for Social Policies shall continue to implement preferential credit programs and policies on job creation and vocational training for employees and policy beneficiaries, thus contributing to creating jobs and increasing income for employees.
10. The Vietnam General Confederation of Labor shall:
a/ Continue to pay attention to improving the material and spiritual lives of its members and of employees, particularly those in difficult circumstances in deep-lying, remote, mountainous, island and ethnic minority areas.
b/ Step up the performance of tasks and solutions for implementing the Scheme on building trade union institutions in industrial parks and export processing zones approved under the Prime Minister’s Decision No. 655/QD-TTg of May 12, 2017, and the Prime Minister’s Decision No. 1729/QD-TTg of November 4, 2020, amending and supplementing Decision No. 655/QD-TTg.
c/ Consolidate and develop the system of centers providing consultancy and support for workers in association with placement of jobs for workers; and arrange, and improve the capacity of, the Confederation’s vocational education institutions.
d/ Direct trade unions at all levels, particularly grassroots trade unions in enterprises, in improving the efficiency of dialogues and negotiations and concluding collective labor agreements.
dd/ Effectively launch the emulation movement of learning and training to improve occupational skills and lifelong learning among workers.
11. The Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry shall
a/ Take the initiative in summing up recommendations, difficulties and problems of enterprises for subsequent submission to the Government, ministries, sectors and provincial-level People’s Committees.
b/ Formulate programs and plans on public communication for mobilizing enterprises to strictly comply with the labor and employment laws; pay attention to training and retraining to improve occupational skills for employees; and increase negotiations and dialogues between the stakeholders in industrial relations.
12. Ministries, ministerial-level agencies, government-attached agencies, and provincial-level People’s Committees shall base themselves on their functions and tasks to proactively acquire information on the situation of labor and employment and quality of human resources under their management, and promptly coordinate with the Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs, Ministry of Planning and Investment and related ministries and sectors in implementing policies and solutions with a view to promoting the effective and sustainable development of the labor market toward international integration.
The Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs shall assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with related ministries and agencies in, monitoring and urging the implementation of this Resolution, and reporting on implementation results to the Government and Prime Minister.-
On behalf of the Government
PHAM MINH CHINH
 Công báo Nos 95-96 (25 /01/2023)